15 Great Topics For An Argumentative Essay On Conflict Resolution
As human beings, one of the things that we will always face from time to time is that we will be in conflict with one another. Without the relevant measures put in place, there will be disastrous consequences for all the parties involved. For this reason, we have evolved a fantastic concept called conflict resolution. The essence of this article will be to take a look at 15 great topics for an argumentative essay on conflict resolution.
- Benefits of Conflict Resolution: As stated in the section above, it is inevitable for us not to have disagreements from time to time. But when these cases are resolved, there are many advantages. One, there is obviously peace and with harmony comes other attendant benefits.
- Obstacles to Peace: There are many factors that militate against having peace in any society. The most important of these are ignorance, illiteracy, poverty, sentiments, ethnicity, tribal rivalry and many more.
- Why Disagreements Occur: There are a thousand and one reasons why disagreements break out. By understanding these reasons, one will stand a better chance of either preventing them or knowing the right solutions to apply.
- How Arguments Can Be Prevented: This is another topic that can be debated. Different schools of thoughts have different and varying beliefs on how arguments can be prevented. Therefore, it provides a very fertile ground for arguments and counterarguments.
- The Most Effective Peacemaking Strategies: There are countless peacemaking techniques but knowing the most effective of them all is not always an easy thing to do. This is a task that this topic will try to fulfill or shed more light on.
- The Importance of Peacemakers in the 21st Century: Even though wars seem to be on the decline in this century, the precise role of the peacemakers seems to be in contention.
- The Cost of War
- Why War Must Be Eradicated
- The Causes of Civil Wars
- Economy and Wars
- Can Humankind Ever Stop Fighting?
- Energy, Economics, and Wars
- Impact of Civil Wars on Education
- Financial Benefits of Fighting: It is believed in some quarters that wars are actually businesses with immense profits.
- Foreign Policies Work Against Peace
So far, these are some very relevant topics that can do you justice in an argumentative essay on conflict resolution. The more detailed the research conducted on each, the better the outcome of the piece will be.
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Conflict resolution is the process of ending, changing, alleviating, or preventing conflict among different parties. In international politics, conflict is ever present in several forms, ranging from simple disagreement to outright genocide. Johan Galtung identified three components to conflict resolution: (1) peacemaking, (2) peacekeeping, and (3) peace building. According to William Zartman, conflict resolution depends upon “removing the causes as well as the manifestations of conflict between parties and eliminating the sources of incompatibility in their positions.”
Because of the permanence of conflict in politics, conflict resolution specialists suggest that those engaged in a particular conflict must disconnect a given conflict from the concept of justice as well as accept that involved parties have legitimate concerns. Separating the legitimate concerns from the notion of justice is necessary because justice is subjective and sometimes clashes with the notion of peacemaking. Conflict resolution is a long-term prospect, and thus it can involve numerous methods such as mediation, negotiation, peacekeeping, and diplomacy. All of these methods have several prerequisites. First, the people engaged in conflict resolution need to recognize the legitimacy of claims of all parties involved in the conflict. Another prerequisite is for practitioners to recognize the impact of personalities, personal beliefs, and ideologies upon the conflict. Yet another prerequisite is to understand that conflicts can be transformed, albeit after the process of conflict resolution has started. Finally, people engaged in conflict resolution must recognize that third parties not directly involved in the conflict could be vital in the outcome of the resolution.
Various mediation strategies, according to Jacob Bergovich, can be grouped in the following categories. First, communication strategies include making contact with the parties, being neutral, gaining the trust and confidence of the parties, and clarifying the issues at stake. Second, formulation strategies include various protocol issues such as the time, place, and order of the meetings; controlling the physical environment; and establishing mutually accepted procedures. And third, manipulation strategies include altering the expectations held by the parties, manipulating the time, making the parties aware of the cost of nonagreement, promising resources for agreement, and threatening withdrawal.
Individuals comprise the first actor in conflict resolution by acting as mediators. For example, former president Jimmy Carter, on behalf of his Carter Center, has acted as a mediator in several conflicts, most recently in the Sudan. Groups such as the Quakers in the Cyprus dispute or organizations such as the International Negotiation Network (INN) can also provide assistance to the parties engaged in conflict resolution.
States are the most common actors in conflict resolution. States can be invited to become mediators in a given conflict such as former U.S. secretaries of state Warren Christopher and Cyrus Vance and former British foreign secretaries Peter Carrington and David Owen in Yugoslavia as well as several presidents of the United States in the Palestinian-Israeli conflict. Several world-renowned state mediated agreements have been reached, most famously the Camp David Accords, which led to the sharing of the Nobel Peace Prize by the leaders of Israel and Egypt.
Institutions and organizations can be engaged in conflict resolution, especially since some conflicts are complex and include several parties. International organizations have conducted conflict resolution negotiations, especially the United Nations (UN). Regional organizations have also played an active role in conflict resolution, such as the Organization for American States, which has been involved in conflict resolution between the United States and Venezuela, or the Arab League, which is involved in the Arab-Israeli conflict. Transnational organizations are also involved in conflict resolution; these include nongovernmental or quasi-governmental organizations such as Amnesty International, the International Committee of the Red Cross, or the INN. State sponsored organizations, such as regional or international courts, also conduct conflict resolution. For instance, the European Court of Human Rights and the International Court of Justice are entities that often help resolve conflicts after they have occurred by holding the perpetrators of human rights violations accountable.
Yet another group of theorists believe that war itself can be a tool of conflict resolution since the end of wars is ultimately peace. In his seminal work “Give War a Chance,” Edward Luttwak argued that outside intervention to resolve conflicts usually tends to perpetuate war, not stop it. In Luttwak’s opinion, most low intensity wars would run their normal course, ending in either capitulation on one side or the exhaustion of both and, thus, leading to a lasting peace. When the international community interrupts this, they basically allow the regrouping and rearming of warring factions and, thus, the war’s continuation. Joseph Nye reached a similar conclusion, from a different perspective, in his call for the United States to scale down interventionism in small regional wars, which ultimately may not serve the U.S. “national interest.” There is, however, serious disagreement on what constitutes a small war, and whether such wars pose a threat to the wider international community, as well as what constitutes national interest.
- Crocker, Chester. “A Poor Case for Quitting: Mistaking Incompetence for Interventionism.” Foreign Affairs 79, no. 1 (2000): 183–186.
- Galtung, Johan. “Three Approaches to Peace: Peacekeeping, Peacemaking, and Peacebuilding.” In Peace,War, and Defense: Essays in Peace Research, edited by J. Galtung, vol. 2. Copenhagen: Christian Ejlers, 1976.
- Kaufman, Stuart. “Escaping the Symbolic Politics Trap: Reconciliation Initiatives and Conflict Resolution in Ethnic Wars.” Journal of Peace Research 43 (2001): 201–218.
- Luttwak, Edward. “Give War a Chance.” Foreign Affairs 78, no. 4 (1999): 36–44. Nye, Joseph. “Redefining the National Interest.” Foreign Affairs 78, no. 4 (1999): 22–35.
- Zartman,William, and L. Rasmussen, eds. Peacemaking in International Conflict: Methods and Techniques. Washington, D.C.: United States Institute of Peace, 1997.