This article is about the district. For its eponymous headquarters, see Jhunjhunu.
|District of Rajasthan|
Location of Jhunjhunu district in Rajasthan
|Administrative division||Jaipur Division|
|Tehsils||1. Jhunjhunu, 2. Chirawa, 3. Buhana, 4. Khetri, 5. Nawalgarh, 6. Udaipurwati 7.Malsisar 8. Surajgarh|
|• Lok Sabha constituencies||Jhunjhunu|
|• Assembly seats||1. Jhunjhunu, 2. Mandwa, 3. Pilani, 4. Nawalgarh, 5. Khetri, 6. Udaipurwati, 7. Surajgarh|
|• Total||5,926 km2 (2,288 sq mi)|
|• Urban||22.89 percent|
|• Sex ratio||950|
|Major highways||State Highway 8|
|Coordinates||75°01′N76°04′E / 75.02°N 76.06°E / 75.02; 76.06 - 27°23′N28°19′E / 27.38°N 28.31°E / 27.38; 28.31|
Jhunjhunu district is a district of the IndianstateRajasthan in northern India. The town Jhunjhunu is the headquarter of Jhunjhunu District. Jhunjhunu District has contributed most number of soldiers as well as Martyrs to Indian Defence Services.[clarification needed]. On an average every house has one or more soldier serving in Indian Armed Forces. [better source needed]
Jhunjhunu district is part of Shekhawati Region. Jhunjhunu was founded and ruled by the Kaimkhani Nawabs till 1730. Nawab Rooh Ullah Khan was the last Nawab of Jhunjhunu. The Nawabs ruled over Jhunjhunu for 280 years. Rooh Ullah Khan had imposed great faith in Shardul Singh and he acted as his Diwan. Shardul Singh was a bold and efficient administrator but he deceived to Nawab. He occupied Jhunjhunu after the death of Rohilla Khan in 1730 A.D.
It was by dint of his subtle political demeanour that Maharao Shardul Singh occupied Jhunjhunu & ruled over it for 12 years. After his death the estate was divided equally among his five sons. Their descendants continued to rule over it till Indian Independence in 1947. Shardul Singh's religious belief was instrumental in him having built many temples such as Kalyan Ji Mandir & Gopinath Ji Ka mandir at Jhunjhunu. To commemorate Maharao Shardul Singh, his sons made a monumental dome at Parasrampura ordorned with fresco paintings.
The district falls within Shekhawati region, and is bounded on the northeast and east by Haryana state, on the southeast, south, and southwest by Sikar District, and on the northwest and north by Churu District.
According to the 2011 census Jhunjhunu district has a population of 2,139,658, roughly equal to the nation of Namibia or the US state of New Mexico. This gives it a ranking of 214th in India (out of a total of 640). The district has a population density of 361 inhabitants per square kilometre (930/sq mi). Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 11.81%. Jhunjhunun has a sex ratio of 950 females for every 1000 males, and a literacy rate of 74.72%.
Places of interest
Famous copper mines are situated in the Khetri tehsil of the district. The Khetri Copper Complex of Hindustan Copper Limited is situated at a distance of 10 km from the Khetri town. It is the largest copper mine in India. It also has by-products i.e. sulphuric acid, fertilizer etc.
- Jhunjhunu Academy, Jhunjhunu
- Dalmia Vidya Mandir Chirawa
- BITS Pilani
- Delhi Public School Jhunjhunu
- Shri Jagdish Prasad Jhabarmal Tibrewala University.
- CSIR-CEERI, PILANI
- Dalmia Hr. Sec. School, Chirawa
- Keystone Group of Institutions, Surajgarh, Jhunjhunu
- Singhania University Pacheri
- Ramlal Shikshan Sansthan, Alsisar
- Smt.Gomati Devi (P.G) College Bagagaon, Jhunjhunu
- Smt.Manbhari Devi (T.T.) College Chanana, Jhunjhunu
- Smt.Manbhari Devi (P.G.) College Chanana, Jhunjhunu
- Seth Motilal PG College Jhunjhunu
- Ramlal Shikshan Sansthan, Alsisar
- Ramlal Academy, Alsisar
- Kendriya Vidyalaya Khetri Nagar
- Kendriya Vidyalaya, Jhunjhunu
- Tagore public school, surajgarh
- pilani public school, pilani
For other places with the same name, see Shahpura.
Shahpura is a city and a municipality in Bhilwara district in the Indianstate of Rajasthan.
Shahpura is located at 25°38′N74°56′E / 25.63°N 74.93°E / 25.63; 74.93. It has an average elevation of 364 metres (1194 feet).
Shahpura is a Municipality city in district of Bhilwara, Rajasthan. The Shahpura city is divided into 25 wards for which elections are held every 5 years. The Shahpura Municipality has population of 30,320 of which 15,279 are males while 15,041 are females as per report released by Census India 2011.
Population of Children with age of 0-6 is 3997 which is 13.18% of total population of Shahpura (M). In Shahpura Municipality, Female Sex Ratio is of 984 against state average of 928. Moreover, Child Sex Ratio in Shahpura is around 929 compared to Rajasthan state average of 888. Literacy rate of Shahpura city is 77.84% higher than state average of 66.11%. In Shahpura, Male literacy is around 87.47% while female literacy rate is 68.14%.
Shahpura Municipality has total administration over 5,671 houses to which it supplies basic amenities like water and sewerage. It is also authorize to build roads within Municipality limits and impose taxes on properties coming under its jurisdiction.
The population of Shahpura is religiously diverse. There are 79.83% Hindus, 18.36% Muslims, 0.03% Christian, 0.04% Sikh and 1.71% Jain. In Shahpura, there are a number of ancient temples which are part of people's daily life to preach there.
Out of total population, 9,986 were engaged in work or business activity. Of this 7,685 were males while 2,301 were females. In census survey, worker is defined as person who does business, job, service, and cultivator and labour activity. Of total 9986 working population, 89.36% were engaged in Main Work while 10.64% of total workers were engaged in Marginal Work.
See also: Shahpura State
Shahpura is known as the jagir (estate) of Surajmal, second son of Maharana Amir Singh I; their title is 'Raja Dhiraj'. Surajmal had two sons, Sujan Singh and Veeramdeo. During Shah Jahan's period, Sujan joined the service of the Emperor, who gave him the district of Phoolia and a mansab (military posting) of 800 Jat (foot soldiers) and 300 Sawar (horse or horsemen). In 1643, Sujan Singh's mansab was raised to 1,000 Jat and 500 Sawar, and in 1645, to 1,500 Jat and 700 Sawar. Later, he went to Kandahar with Mughal Prince Aurangzeb and, in 1651, his mansab was again raised, to 2,000 Jat and 800 Sawar.When Shah Jahan sent his army, under the command of Saddulla Khan, to Chittor to demolish a wall that had been restored in contravention of the 1615 treaty (see AMAR SHINGH I, MAHARANA), Sujan Singh was with him. To revenge Sujan's ungrateful act, Maharana Raj Singh I attacked Shahpura (1658) and exacted a penalty of Rs. 22,000/-. Maharana Raj Singh also burnt the area governed by Sujan's younger brother, Veeramdeo. Later, Shah Jahan sent Sujan to Dharmat to assist Maharana Jaswant Singh in his fight against the rebellious Prince Aurangzeb. There, Sujan died with his 5 sons. Veeramdeo, Sujan's brother, also left the Maharana and joined Shah Jahan, where he received the mansab of 800 Jat and 400 Sawar. He fought bravely in the Kandahar expeditions and his mansab was raised to 3,000 Jat and 1,000 Sawar. At the battle of Samugadh, Veeramdeo was in the first flank of Mughal Prince Dara's force against Prince Aurangzeb. After Dara was defeated, Veeramdeo went over to Aurangzeb. Later, he was sent to Assam with Ram Singh of Jaipur. After this, he returned to Mathura with Safshikan Khan, where he died around 1688.
Fateh Singh, elder son of Sujan Singh was also killed at Dharmat, and Fateh's son, a minor, succeeded him. Six years later, Sujan's fourth son, Daulat Singh, usurped Shahpura and became its ruler. (Fateh's descendants are now at Gangwas and Barliawas.) When Aurangzeb attacked Maharana Raj Singh, Daulat was in the Mughal army. Daulat's son, Bharat Singh, fought for Maharana Sangram Singh II in the battle against Mewati Ranbaj Khan. Bharat was imprisoned by his son, Umaid Singh, and died in prison. Umaid Singh wanted to make his younger son, Zalim Singh, his successor; to do this; he poisoned his elder son, Udyot Singh. He even wanted to kill his grandson (i.e., Udyot's son) and sent a soldier to commit the heinous act. The soldier struck but missed, only wounding him. At that moment, Ran Singh's son, Bhim Singh, aged only 14, killed the soldier, and Umaid's dream to make Zalim his successor was foiled. Many of Mewar's nobles were against Maharana Ari Singh II (1761-1773). Ari Singh wooed Umaid Singh to his side and gave him the Paragna Kachola (District of Kachola). Umaid died at Ujjain (see UJJAIN, BATTLE OF), fighting for the Maharana against Madhav Rao SINDHIA. In 1869, Nahar Singh, who had been adopted, became the ruler of Shahpura (he had been the son of Balwant Singh of Dhanop). In 1903, the British awarded him the K.C.I.E., and entitled him to a 9-gun salute. He became a member of the MEHDRAJ SABHA. Later, he refused to go into the service of Maharana FATEH SINGH, claiming to be an independent ruler. However, the British ruled that he would have to comply, every second year, and pay Rs. 1 Lakh to the Maharana as a penalty for not attending his Court.
Shahpura is a place of pilgrimage for the followers of the Ram Snehi sect. Founded in 1804 they have a shrine in the town called Ramdwara. The chief priest there is the head of the sect. Pilgrims from all over the world visit the shrine throughout the year. Shahpura is well known for Ram Snehi's Ramdwara. There is famous fair called PHOOLDOL MELA. is for 5 dsys after Holi. by Ramdwara Temple.
Middle of city The temple of CHARBHUJA NATH is situate. and also A HANUMAN TEMPLE Called by BALAJI KI CHATRI. is Near by the famous Charbhuja temple.
There is 8 Prachin Jain Temple 4 is SWETAMBER SAMPRADAYA AND 4 DIGAMBER SAMPRADAYA.
By Air: Nearest Airport is Sanganer (Jaipur) which is about 177 km away from Shahpura And Other Dabok (udaipur) which is about 202 km (Both airport are International airport)
By Road: Direct Buses From :- Delhi Jaipur Udaipur Chittorgarh Haridwar Ajmer etc. (Nearest National Highway is NH No.79. which is about 40 km away from Shahpura)
By Train: Nearest Railway station is Bhilwara Which is about 52 km from shahpura