Why are groups and teams seen as central tocontemporary organizations and what are some of the problems associated with a team-based approach to work?
Importance of Groups and Team has become a major focus in the businessworld. Organizations have well realized that the evolution from individual toteam management approach is a priority in current time. The reality is thatmuch of the organizations work is accomplished directly or indirectly throughteams. Teams are used as means of growing effectiveness and efficiency inmany organizations. Group procedure and conflicts directly impact thechoice of team member selection and required results. Creating an effectiveteam is an art and a science. Any organization is constantly changing andevolving. "
Change is good and the ability of an organization to adapt and beflexible helps stimulate the organizations growth
" (Mukherjee andMukherjee, 2001). The use of teams to administer various undertakings andprojects are utilized increasingly by organizations with hopes that theperformance and creativity of these teams will take them to the next ladderto success in the business world. This explains the words of H.E. Luccock “
No one can whistle a symphony. It takes an orchestra to play it.
is a number of persons, usually reporting to a commonsuperior and having some face-to-face interactions, who have some degreeof interdependence in carrying out tasks for the purpose of achievingorganizational goals
.’ (Wendell L. French, Cecil H. Bell Jr., p. 155). A team onthe other hand has some distinctiveness higher to that of an ordinary group,including higher degree of symbiosis and interaction and highercommitments to achieve organization goals. Therefore, according to Jon Katzenbach and Douglas Smith, ‘
is asmall number of people with complementary skills who are committed to acommon purpose, set of performance goals, and approach for which they hold themselves mutually accountable
Groups and Teams Essays
1092 Words5 Pages
Groups and Teams
Groups or teams can evolve into high performing, extremely effective, useful tools in any organization if developed and managed correctly. Demographic characteristics and cultural diversity can impact the behavior of groups or teams in positive and some negative ways. Diversity may impede the initial progress of a group; however, the long range benefit to creating high performing teams is great. An effective group is one that achieves high levels of task performance, member satisfaction, and team viability (Schermerhorn, Hunt & Osborne, 2003, p. 2).
A team or group is two or more people working together to achieve common goals. Members of a group are usually dependent on each other and have regular…show more content…
The norming stage is about harmony and balance, especially after storming. The performing stage is when the group is finally able to handle complex tasks and achieve goals. Adjourning is the last stage of group development. It occurs after the group has achieved all of its tasks and goals and disbands. Not all groups or teams advance through all of the stages of the cycle to reach the performing stage or adjourning stage. To reach these final stages they must have strong communication and development skills.
Highly effective groups have strong management. To achieve and maintain high levels of group effectiveness, any manager or leader must understand the way groups operate as organizational resources (Schermerhorn, Hunt & Osborne, 2003, p. 10). Effective groups have clearly defined goals and guidance from management. They are given the resources to complete their tasks and a successful group is rewarded. High performance groups excel at teamwork and attain special performance levels. They have strong core values, a general sense of purpose, performance objectives, and a good mix of skills and creativity. An effective team manager will communicate standards, create a sense of urgency, gather the right skill set and establish clear rules for behavior. They can also share new information frequently, give positive feedback and reward any successes.
Homogeneous groups will get along, work well together and can be somewhat effective. However they are limited